Nueva Segovia Department in Nicaragua

[et_pb_section fb_built="1" fullwidth="on" _builder_version="4.18.0" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_fullwidth_post_title meta="off" featured_image="off" text_background="on" text_bg_color="#E09900" _builder_version="4.18.0" _module_preset="default" title_font="|600|||||||" title_text_color="#000000" title_font_size="37px" title_letter_spacing="1px" background_image="https://www.desdenicaragua.online/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/departamento-de-nueva-segovia-nicaragua.jpg" text_orientation="center" custom_padding="318px|||||" text_shadow_style="preset2" text_shadow_horizontal_length="0.1em" text_shadow_vertical_length="0.1em" text_shadow_blur_strength="0.09em" text_shadow_color="#FFFFFF" global_colors_info="{}"][/et_pb_fullwidth_post_title][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built="1" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" custom_padding="||0px|||" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" global_colors_info="{}"]
Contenido

Department of Nueva Segovia in Northern Nicaragua

The Department of Nueva Segovia is located on the border with Honduras. Its capital is the Municipality of Ocotal and is made up of a total of 12 municipalities.

Nueva Segovia is one of the highest departments of Nicaragua, with plateaus between 1000 and 2000 m above sea level.

The territory of this department is made up of lush pine forests, haciendas, coffee farms, hills, various water sources, vineyards and more.

It is also characterized by its adobe houses with tile roofs in which some of them become artisan workshops or small businesses.

Without a doubt, Nueva Segovia is an exquisite place to visit. 

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" custom_padding="||0px|||" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Population of Nueva Segovia

As of the last population census in Nueva Segovia, it is estimated that the department is home to about 267,900 people. This figure should be much higher today.

The population of Segovia is grouped into municipalities. However, it is quite common to find remote and difficult to access communities, where they may even lack basic necessities such as electricity or potable water.

Climate of Nueva Segovia

Nueva Segovia has a tropical savanna climate. As in the rest of Nicaragua, it has two seasons: The rainy season and the dry season.

A decade ago, Nueva Segovia was known for being a very cool place; and although the heat in the area is not the same as in the west, it is getting hotter and hotter - direct blame to the indiscriminate deforestation.

Now, during the months of March to May, the weather in Nueva Segovia is quite hot. In the months of June and July the weather is regular with some drizzle. In the months of August to October, heavy rains take over the weather. Finally, the months of November to February are usually the coldest months - it has been surprising that sometimes the temperature reaches 9 degrees Celsius.

It should be noted that in the municipalities of Dipilto, Murra, Quilali and Jalapa the climate is usually colder during most of the year due to being surrounded by hills and being at a high altitude above sea level.

Flora and Fauna of Nueva Segovia

Despite the incessant depredation of the forests of Nueva Segovia, this department of Nicaragua still conserves a rich variety of flora and fauna, especially in the natural reserve Serranía de Dipilto y Jalapa.

This protected area covers some 32,586.95 hectares, making it the perfect place for the development of Nueva Segovia's flora and fauna. In addition, the rest of the hills and green areas surrounding each of the municipalities of the department, including the areas near the Mozonte, Dipilto and Coco rivers.

Within the fauna, in Nueva Segovia you can find different species of deer, garrobos, iguanas, sloths, parrots, parakeets, cusucos, bare-tailed foxes, mapachín, tigrillo, guatuza, chachalaca, guardatinaja, rabbit, pizote, chorcha (intense orange chichiltote). White-tailed deer can still be seen in the pine forests and pumas have been seen in the thick mountainous areas. Among the most common snakes are: Rattlesnake, Boa, Tamagas.

Within the flora, in Nueva Segovia there are different species of pine, royal cedar, mahogany, pochote, shrub vegetation, coffee, fruit trees such as various species of mango, nancite, jocote tronador, guanábanas, bananas and guavas.

Limits of Nueva Segovia

The limits of Nueva Segovia are to the north and west with the Republic of Honduras, to the south with the department of Madriz, and to the east with the department of Jinotega.

Economic Activities of Nueva Segovia

Nueva Segovia is a producer of basic grains such as corn, beans and coffee. Tobacco, bananas and plantains are also grown.

Apart from that, many people are engaged in the trade of clothing and basic household products. Therefore, it is quite common to find clothing stores and grocery stores.

Gastronomy of Nueva Segovia

The typical dishes of Nueva Segovia include gallo pinto, nacatamales, tamalitos pisques, bean soup with egg, bean soup with cream and curd, meatball soup, indio viejo and yoltamal.

Among the beverages consumed by Segovians are pinolillo, cususa, ponche, chicha de maíz, pozol and cacao.

Among the popular sweets of Nueva Segovia are pirulines, hojuelas, syrup, suspiros, calabazos, bizcotelas, atole de maíz tierno, arroz con leche, and cusnaca.

Traditions of Nueva Segovia

In Nueva Segovia there are many traditions that are celebrated year after year without interruption.

These traditions include the celebration of the shouting; however, it is common to observe that in many homes in Nueva Segovia the Purisima can be celebrated during any day of December.

Also common in Nueva Segovia are pilgrimages to Ciudad Antigua, to the celebration of the Señor de los Milagros and to Dipilto to the Marian sanctuary Virgen de la Piedra.

Another type of tradition in Nueva Segovia includes the celebration through dances such as polkas and mazurkas danced in the peasant chojines.

How to get to Nueva Segovia?

 Traveling to Nueva Segovia is very easy. Below, we show some of the routes to get to the municipality of Ocotal, the departmental capital and from where you can start your trip to the rest of the municipalities.

If you are traveling by bus from Managua, you must board a bus at COTRAN Mayoreo to Ocotal. Buses start leaving at 5:30 AM. There are also buses that go directly to Jalapa, which can drop you off in Ocotal, Mozonte or San Fernando.

If you are traveling from the department of Leon, you can take the microbuses or buses that leave from the terminal to Esteli. Then in Esteli you can board a second bus at COTRAN north to Ocotal.

If you are traveling from Matagalpa, Sebaco or Jinotega, you must travel to the city of Esteli, where you will board a bus to Ocotal.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" custom_padding="||0px|||" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Municipalities of the Department of Nueva Segovia

These are the municipalities that make up the department of Nueva Segovia:

 

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" custom_padding="||0px|||" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" text_line_height="1.4em" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Places to Visit in Nueva Segovia

Nueva Segovia is full of charming places that will become unique and unforgettable experiences.

Each municipality in Nueva Segovia offers something unique, so here is a list of some of the most popular tourist attractions in Nueva Segovia:

#1. Centro Recreativo Aguas Termales Delia, Macuelizo

#2. Centro Recreativo Aguas Termales El Duende, Macuelizo

#3. Centro Recreativo Aguas Termales Manantial, Macuelizo

#4. Church of Ciudad Antigua

#5. Santa Maria de los Rivas House Museum

#6. Mineral de San Albino, El Jícaro

#7. Mogoton Hill

#8. Cerros Pegados Canyon

#9. Finca Las Orquideas Viewpoint

#10. Señor de Los Milagros Sanctuary

#11. Ocotal Central Park

#12. Handicraft Workshops

#13. San Nicolás Forestry Farm, San Fernando

#14. Don Alfonso Hot Springs, Aranjuez, Santa Fernando

#15. Macdouglas Restaurant, Dipilto

#16. Virgen de la Piedra - Dipilto

#17. Loma Santa de Mozonte

#18. Yambos Recreation Center, Dipilto

#19. Santa Teresa del Mogotón Farm, San Fernando

#20. Centro Recreativo Rancho Entre Los Pinos, Susucayan

#21. Sonzapote Recreation Center, Jalapa

#22. La Reforma Recreation Center, Jalapa

#23. Las Pilitas Spa, Mozonte

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" custom_padding="||0px|||" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

History of Nueva Segovia

Nueva Segovia is a department characterized by a fairly quiet environment, far from the hustle and bustle of much more populated and chaotic cities.

However, despite this tranquility transmitted when visiting the department of Nueva Segovia, it is important to know that this is one of the places in Nicaragua with more history.

The history of Nueva Segovia is very vast, so much so that one could fill books and more books explaining in detail every piece of Segovian history.

Here we show a small part of the history.

First settlers of Nueva Segovia

The first settlers of the department of Nueva Segovia were the Chorotegans or Chorotegas, of Mexican ancestors, who arrived to settle in the sixth century of our era.

The settlers in Nueva Segovia

The Spanish colonists set up their camps and built their cities near indigenous settlements, since they wanted to have as much labor as possible to achieve their goals.

Nueva Segovia is one of the first regions colonized by the conquistadors. It was founded in 1539 by Rodrigo Contreras and settled in 1543 by Diego de Castañeda.

The first settlement of Nueva Segovia was on the banks of the Yare River, as the Coco or Segovia River was previously known, in Panalí, very close to the current Quilalí, which did not exist at that time.

That first settlement did not survive for long due to innumerable factors, such as the repeated aggressions perpetrated by the English on the side attached to the Caribbean Coast, as well as the continuous attacks by the Caribe, Xicaques, Tologalpa and the Honduran Tagusgalpa tribes.

In addition to that, the climate was not suitable for children, who could not resist and ended up dying.

Nueva Segovia then moved to what is now known as the municipality of Ciudad Antigua, located at the confluence of the Coco and Jícaro rivers.

In this settlement, a prosperous population was created, but it could not be sustained due to the constant looting by pirates and English adventurers, who, with the help of the Miskitos, used the Coco River to access the city.

Finally, Ciudad Antigua was invaded and burned, forcing the settlers to move again.

The new settlement of the Segovia is where the municipality of Ocotal exists today, named after the immense amount of pine trees in the area. Originally, the settlement was located in San Antonio de Tejas, but later the inhabitants created more homes to the south. Officially, this settlement was founded in 1780.

Nueva Segovia is extremely important to the history of Nicaragua, even rivaling the old colonial cities of León and Granada. Even the name "Las Segovias" presents it as the third city whose name has a Spanish influence.

In the history texts, there are records of Fray Antonio Valdivieso in his letters to the King of Spain mentioning "Captain Diego de Castañeda will be two years that he populated in the terms of that province (Nicaragua) a city that I call Nueva Segovia, believe that it is land rich in gold ... last year entered these mines many crews of the Guayape extracted gold of thirty and twenty carats."

Department of Nueva Segovia during and after the independence of Central America.

At the time of Nicaragua's independence in 1821, the country began to be divided into departments.

By decree, Nicaragua was delimited into 4 departments in 1838. These were:

  • Eastern Department
  • Western Department
  • Meridian Department and
  • Septentrión

 In this last department of the Septentrión, the districts of Segovia and Matagalpa were located. At that time they were made up as follows:

Matagalpa District:

 

  • Matagalpa
  • Jinotega
  • San Rafael
  • Sébaco
  • Metapa
  • Terrabona
  • San Dionisio
  • Esquipulas
  • Muy Muy
  • San Ramon

 

District of Segovia:

 

  • Estelí
  • Madriz
  • Nueva Segovia

 

In 1845, Marshal Trinidad Muñoz, helped to pacify the district of Las Segovias from the robberies committed by the band "Siete Pañuelos" who terrorized the inhabitants with constant looting.

Muñoz divided this district into 2 parties:

Alta Segovia, made up of Nueva Segovia, Madriz and the north of Estelí.
Baja Segovia, made up of a part of the north of the department of Matagalpa, south of Estelí and part of Jinotega.

The Septentrión department ended with the issuance of the first Political Constitution of Nicaragua on August 19, 1858, which divided the territory into 7 departments:

Chinandega,
León,
Nueva Segovia,
Chontales,
Rivas,
Granada and
Matagalpa, the latter included the municipality of Jinotega, and the towns of San Rafael del Norte and La Concordia.

In 1891 the Congress separated Jinotega from Matagalpa, and Estelí from Nueva Segovia. For its part, the department of Madriz was constituted in 1936, taking its name in honor of the President in 1910, Dr. José Madriz.

Until 1936, Somoto and Ocotal belonged to the department of Nueva Segovia. But then they were divided, Somoto became the departmental capital of Madriz and Ocotal that of Nueva Segovia.

Nueva Segovia in the 20th century

Decades after decades, the department of Nueva Segovia has stood out throughout the country and beyond, as the scene of the wars of our ancestors against the Spanish, English, pirates and gringos in the time of General Augusto César Sandino, until our present time, when the common border with Honduras was used to establish in our territory an all-out fight between Nicaraguan brothers.

Nueva Segovia was very important in the struggle against the Somoza dictatorship.

The region of Las Segovias, because of its important role in Sandino's struggle, but also because it is geographically located on the border with rural areas of Honduras, was the scene of political-military organizational efforts in the 1950s.

Several of the guerrilla movements, prior to the founding of the FSLN, were based in this region, for example:

  • Julio Alonso Leclaire's 15 September Column;
  • the Sandino Revolutionary Front (FRS);
  • the guerrillas of Manuel Díaz y Sotelo
  • the National Liberation Front (FLN),
  • and the same guerrilla of El Chaparral, whose purpose was to enter the country in that direction.

All of them chose Las Segovias as the first place for their combative and patriotic actions.

During the XX century of our era, the department of Nueva Segovia has seen innumerable battles, food shortages, has been impacted by hurricane Mitch and diverse scenarios that enrich its history.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.16" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.21.0" _module_preset="default" text_font_size="16px" text_letter_spacing="1px" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Nueva Segovia today

Today Nueva Segovia is a very peaceful region with very friendly people.

To visit Nueva Segovia is to get to know a different panorama of Nicaragua, away from the beaches, volcanoes and bustle of the Pacific region.

It is the kind of connection with nature that is well worth getting to know.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built="1" admin_label="Footer" _builder_version="4.17.6" background_color_gradient_direction="90deg" background_image="https://www.desdenicaragua.online/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/playa-chacocente-en-carazo.jpg" parallax="on" custom_padding="0px|0px|0px|0px" saved_tabs="all" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_row column_structure="1_2,1_2" use_custom_gutter="on" gutter_width="1" make_equal="on" admin_label="Footer Row" module_class=" et_pb_row_fullwidth" _builder_version="4.17.6" width="100%" width_tablet="100%" width_phone="" width_last_edited="on|desktop" max_width="100%" max_width_tablet="100%" max_width_phone="" max_width_last_edited="on|desktop" custom_margin="|||" custom_padding="0px|0px|0px|0px" animation_style="fade" make_fullwidth="on" global_colors_info="{}"][et_pb_column type="1_2" _builder_version="4.17.6" background_color="rgba(0,0,0,0.6)" custom_padding="100px|10%|100px|10%" custom_padding_tablet="" custom_padding_phone="" custom_padding_last_edited="on|phone" global_colors_info="{}" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text admin_label="Tittle" _builder_version="4.17.6" text_font="Oswald||||" link_font="||||||||" ul_font="||||||||" ol_font="||||||||" quote_font="||||||||" header_font="||||||||" header_2_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_2_text_align="left" header_2_font_size="40px" header_2_letter_spacing="2px" header_2_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||4%|" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}"]

Enjoy Nicaragua

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label="Texts" _builder_version="4.21.0" text_font="Nunito||||" text_font_size="16px" text_line_height="1.5em" header_font="Oswald|||on|" header_text_color="#DCA57D" header_font_size="16px" header_letter_spacing="2px" header_line_height="1.7em" header_4_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_4_text_color="#DCA57D" header_4_font_size="16px" header_4_letter_spacing="1px" header_4_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||6%|" hover_enabled="0" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Links:

Tourist Places

Nicaragua Beaches

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label="Texts" _builder_version="4.21.0" text_font="Nunito||||" text_font_size="16px" text_line_height="1.5em" header_font="Oswald|||on|" header_text_color="#DCA57D" header_font_size="16px" header_letter_spacing="2px" header_line_height="1.7em" header_4_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_4_text_color="#DCA57D" header_4_font_size="16px" header_4_letter_spacing="1px" header_4_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||6%|" hover_enabled="0" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Policies

Cookies

Privacy

Legal

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type="1_2" _builder_version="4.17.6" background_color="#000000" custom_padding="100px|10%|100px|10%" global_colors_info="{}" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text admin_label="Texts" _builder_version="4.16" text_font="Oswald||||" link_font="||||||||" ul_font="||||||||" ol_font="||||||||" quote_font="||||||||" header_font="||||||||" header_2_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_2_text_align="left" header_2_font_size="40px" header_2_letter_spacing="2px" header_2_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||4%|" custom_padding="|||" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}"]

Contact Us

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label="Texts" _builder_version="4.16" text_font="Nunito||||" text_font_size="16px" header_font="Oswald|||on|" header_text_color="#DCA57D" header_font_size="16px" header_letter_spacing="2px" header_line_height="1.7em" header_4_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_4_text_color="#DCA57D" header_4_font_size="16px" header_4_letter_spacing="1px" header_4_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||6%|" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}"]

Mail

Contacto@desdenicaragua.online

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label="Texts" _builder_version="4.21.0" text_font="Nunito||||" text_font_size="16px" header_font="Oswald|||on|" header_text_color="#DCA57D" header_font_size="16px" header_letter_spacing="2px" header_line_height="1.7em" header_4_font="Oswald|||on|||||" header_4_text_color="#DCA57D" header_4_font_size="16px" header_4_letter_spacing="1px" header_4_line_height="1.5em" background_layout="dark" custom_margin="||6%|" hover_enabled="0" locked="off" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Support this Project

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.18.0" _module_preset="default" global_colors_info="{}"]

[paypal-donation]

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]
Go up

Este Sitio usa Cookies Conoce Mas